What Is Bouclé Fabric?
Bouclé (pronounced “boo-clay”) fabric is everywhere in the world. Boucle or broucler is a French name that refers to ‘loop’ or ‘curl. Its name is Broucle Fabric due to the loops in its yarn. Boucle is a loop yarn with a nubby texture. fabric with a fleecy appearance. What makes boucle fabric different from all other textiles is offered to its wide range of upholstered furniture benefits.
Boucle fabric is thick and heavy, and incredibly dense almost like a blanket, but enough soft to make pillow covers, cozy pillows, jackets, elegant chairs, or curvy couches. It is traditionally made from mohair or wool with a soft fabric feel. Hence, in the textile industry, it is a versatile fabric with a large number of applications. I recommend one should not miss this elegant fabric, especially for jackets, and home décor.
What is the History of Boucle Fabric?
What is boucle fabric origin, and how did this fabric gain popularity? Its origins can be traced back to the 19th century. It first gained popularity in France, where it is considered a mid-century style. Initially, Boucle fabric is made from wool. However, over time other textile fabrics like silk, cotton, linen, and polyester also start to be used.
Boucle fabric became popular in the U.S. in the 1940s. The Ero Saarinen’s Womb chair gained the popularity of this ionic fabric. Later on, it is very prominent in many leading furniture designs. It is used by Coco Chanel, the legendary French fashion designer in its Jackie’s Jacket. This jacket became synonymous with the classy jackets most popular in fashion houses in the mid-century. In the 1960s First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy’s most famous pink boucle tweed fabric Chanel suit was a landmark in boucle fabric. Many renowned designers used boucle fabric from time to time for 75 years. Today boucle fabric is ideal for making sweaters, jackets, wardrobe items, and accessories in different styles.
What Is Boucle Fabric Made Of?
Boucle fabric is made with types of woven or knitted techniques with boucle yarn. It is traditionally made from mohair or wool but later on other textile materials like silk, cotton, linen, and polyester also became important. A bouclé is mostly made from nylon in core thread, plied with wool which can be mohair or alpaca or even acrylic. In spinning it is created on hollow spindles, using differing feed rates concerning core yarn, and twisted on spool. Woven boucle fabric involves a multi-step process that uses two or more yarns. First, is double twisted stand (plied yarn) is tight, and the other is made loose to make the curly uneven texture. These threads may be multicolored or mottled look to get a variety of boucle fabric patterns or style combinations.
For knitted boucle fabric wrap knitting techniques are used. A raschel knit made texture with a loopy boucle yarn. This knitting has limited stretch and appears in q variety of fabric weights from heavy coating fabric to lightweight dress fabrics. Crochet knitting with bouclé yarn has a textured surface on one side. The right side is smooth and has vertical rows along length-wise. Also, the back has horizontal rows of half-circles or purl knit. This knitting has moderate stretch.
What Is Boucle Used For?
It is a highly durable and versatile fabric used in a wide range of applications, some of these notable below