What is an antimicrobial textile?
Antimicrobial textile is very helpful to the healthcare or hospital industry. And also, places that are very likely to the microbe. So, in other words, antimicrobial fabric or textiles have been treated to discourage the growth of microorganisms. Examples as bacteria, mold, fungi, mildew, and other hazardous microbes. These textiles are prepared to prevent or reduce the addition of harmful microbes on surfaces. Also, it can be particularly useful in various applications. Including upholstery, clothing, medical textiles, and more. These fabrics, from hospital care to sportswear, provide a solution to harmful microbes. And also, promote cleanliness and freshness.
Growth of the market is mainly triggered by combating the increasing number of infections by the need for hygiene products. Also, due to microbe in various applications such as sportswear, curtains & drapes, protective wear, bedding, carpets, surgical supplies & intimates, wipes, and footwear.
Antimicrobial textile market volume is predicted to increase from USD 10.9 billion in 2021 to USD 14.9 billion by 2026, at 6.7% from 2021 to 2026.
The trending global hospital antimicrobial textiles market is to reach $5.17 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 5.4% from 2020 to 2030, also valued at $3.20 billion in 2019.
How does antimicrobial fabric work?
Antimicrobial textiles work the same way as sanitizers and antimicrobial soaps do. Prevent their growth and reproduction by attacking pathogens on a cellular level. effectiveness may differ by using different chemicals and textiles. Some products are designed to kill spore cells on contact and some merely slow the spread of pathogens over time, while others.
Antimicrobial agents such as metal and metallic Salts, organic Compounds, Bio-Based Agents, Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (QACs), and Triclosan are primarily used on fabrics in the textile industry. Also, it inhibits the growth of microorganisms on the fabric material. Increase the demand for antimicrobial textiles for their production, thus, expected to lead to market growth in the upcoming years.
Silver-based treatments are also called silver coating or silver ions. It is used by applying various techniques such as coating, impregnation, or situ synthesis. More effective against microbes. Also, silver-based techniques reduce the growth of microorganisms.
Known for their long-lasting antimicrobial properties. Copper nanoparticles can be applied to textiles through various techniques like impregnation or coating. Also, the Copper effect by inactivation interferes with microbes through enzymes and membranes.
Quaternary ammonium compounds (quats) treatment
In this antimicrobial textile quats are chemically bonded or firm to textile fibers, disrupting and attracting microorganisms by providing a positively charged surface. Mostly used in medical textiles as effective against bacteria and viruses.
It offers biodegradable and natural antimicrobial properties. Chitosan, derived from chitin, can be applied to textiles through coating or impregnation. Resultantly it deranges microbial cell membranes and inhibits their growth.
Zinc pyrithione treatment
A common chemical compound used in textiles is Zinc pyrithione (ZPT). It is used for its antifungal and antimicrobial properties. Including care products, personal textiles, and coatings it has been widely used in various applications. Mainly to prevent the growth of microbes such as bacteria and fungi. ZPT is used in odor-controlling properties of fabrics and antimicrobial textile treatment.
Using different methods Zinc pyrithione can be applied to textiles, such as coating, enclosing, or soaking. This method depends on factors like the type of textile. Also, depends upon the level of treated fabric and the level of treatment of antimicrobial fabric. This treatment in use is long-lasting and versatile. Commonly used in sportswear and outdoor textiles. Special environmental care should be adopted in treatment with ZPT as it is released in wastewater and washing.
To make it suitable for various applications that need enhanced antimicrobial properties ZPT textile can enhance hygiene and freshness benefits. Further, consumers need to know about specific properties benefits, and disadvantages of using ZPT zinc pyrithione treatment.
Triclosan is an antimicrobial agent. It is used in a variety of textile products to reduce the growth of fungi, bacteria, and other microbes. To provide antimicrobial properties coating or embrace of this compound is used. Which reduces microbial enzymes and disrupts their membranes.
Different methods used for Triclosan treatment can be used for textiles. With textile fibers during manufacturing different treatments are coating, blending, or impregnation. Also, the use of Triclosan treatment become more controversial in recent years. Due to potential environmental and health concerns are the main reasons.
Triclosan treatment is antimicrobial and also, more durable. But environmental safety is the main concern. Now researchers are seeking new treatment agents that are safer for the environment and potential health risks.
Essential oils and natural extracts
Essential oils like tea tree oil, oregano oil, or thyme oil are used. Natural compounds in these oils have antimicrobial properties. Essential oils are applied through the impregnation method to the textile fabric. This method is more natural and environmentally friendly but has some drawbacks. A major drawback is limited durability.
Polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB)
Poly-hexa-methylene biguanide (PHMB) is one of antimicrobial agent. To reduce the growth of microbes as bacteria and fungus this treatment is used widely as in textiles. To provide antimicrobial properties fabric surface treatment is applied with PHMB treatment. Textile treatment includes coating, blending, or impregnation.
PHMB treatment helps to reduce odors and maintain overall hygiene and freshness to textiles. Mostly used in wound dressing and health care textiles. As it has more effectiveness in antimicrobial while it has some harmful potential risks. These risks include chemicals wastewater during processing, some types of allergies, and sensitivity to use it.